Science confirms what the Bible told us all along: The universe is expanding

Science confirms what the Bible told us all along: The universe is expanding

Expanding universe
If the universe is expanding, it had a beginning. The Bible tells us what happened in the beginning.

Less than 100 years ago, science discovered  that the universe is expanding. However, the men who wrote the Bible spoke of this concept when it was written almost 3,000 years ago. But many people believe the Bible and science contradict one another. Is this really so? Let’s examine some basic scientific concepts about the universe and see how they compare to what the Bible says.

First Law of Thermodynamics – E = mc2

The first law of thermodynamics states that energy can be transformed from one form to another, but can be neither created nor destroyed. Matter and energy are interchangeable (E=mc2).

Now, keeping these things in mind, let’s consider a few verses from the Bible:

“Lift up your eyes and look to the heavens: Who created all these? He who brings out the starry host one by one and calls forth each of them by name. Because of his great power and mighty strength, not one of them is missing.” (Isaiah 40:26 NIV)

“Our Lord and God, You are worthy to receive glory and honor and power, because You have created all things, and because of Your will they exist and were created.” (Revelation 4:11 CSB)

“By faith we understand that the universe was created by God’s command, so that what is seen has been made from things that are not visible.” (Hebrews 11:3 CSB)

This is exactly what God did when he transferred some of his energy into the matter making up the universe.

Second Law of Thermodynamics

The second law of thermodynamics states that the total entropy for an isolated system can never decrease over time. “Entropy” is a measure of unusable energy  within a closed or isolated system (the universe for example). As usable energy decreases and unusable energy increases, “entropy” increases. Entropy is also a gauge of randomness or chaos within a closed system. As usable energy is irretrievably lost, disorganization, randomness and chaos increase. This means that left to itself, the universe will become less organized or disorganized over time.

  • Fact 1: The universe began in a highly ordered state.
  • Fact 2: The universe remains highly ordered.
  • Thus, we can infer: God created and maintains the universe.

The universe would have become somewhat less organized over time, had God not created it from the beginning and maintained it through its estimated 12 to 15 billion year existence. The following scriptures give Biblical testimony to the fact that God not only created the universe in the beginning, but he also continues to maintain it in a highly ordered state.

“Through him God created everything in the heavenly realms and on earth. He made the things we can see and the things we can’t see—such as thrones, kingdoms, rulers, and authorities in the unseen world. Everything was created through him and for him. He existed before anything else, and he holds all creation together.” (Colossians 1:16-17 NLT)

“The heavens proclaim the glory of God. The skies display his craftsmanship. Day after day they continue to speak; night after night they make him known. They speak without a sound or word; their voice is never heard. Yet their message has gone throughout the earth, and their words to all the world. God has made a home in the heavens for the sun.” (Psalm 19:1-4 NLT)

“For ever since the world was created, people have seen the earth and sky. Through everything God made, they can clearly see his invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature. So they have no excuse for not knowing God.” (Romans 1:20 NLT)

“Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, or with the breadth of his hand marked off the heavens? Who has held the dust of the earth in a basket,  or weighed the mountains on the scales and the hills in a balance? Who can fathom the Spirit of the Lord, or instruct the Lord as his counselor? Whom did the Lord consult to enlighten him, and who taught him the right way? Who was it that taught him knowledge, or showed him the path of understanding? Surely the nations are like a drop in a bucket; they are regarded as dust on the scales; he weighs the islands as though they were fine dust…. Before him all the nations are as nothing; they are regarded by him as worthless and less than nothing. With whom, then, will you compare God? To what image will you liken him? … He sits enthroned above the circle of the earth, and its people are like grasshoppers. He stretches out the heavens like a canopy, and spreads them out like a tent to live in…. ‘To whom will you compare me? Or who is my equal?’ says the Holy One…. Do you not know? Have you not heard? The Lord is the everlasting God, the Creator of the ends of the earth. He will not grow tired or weary, and his understanding no one can fathom.” (Isaiah 40:12-15, 17-18, 22, 25, 28 NIV)

“Do you know how the clouds hang poised,  those wonders of him who has perfect knowledge? … The Almighty is beyond our reach and exalted in power; in his justice and great righteousness, he does not oppress.” (Job 37:16, 23 NIV)

“Have you grasped the celestial laws? Could you make their writ run on the earth?” (Job 38:33 NJB)

The Universe had a Beginning

“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” (Genesis 1:1 CSB)

The Universe is Expanding

Early in the  twentieth century, astronomer Edwin Hubble found that galaxies are moving away from each other. This discovery led him to believe that the universe is expanding. Hubble’s discovery was upsetting to many scientists of his time, because if the universe is expanding, then –  at some time in the distant past – the universe had a beginning. And if the universe had a beginning, it would confirm what the Bible had said all along. Albert Einstein said the whole idea “irritated” him, although later in life he accepted the idea that the universe had a beginning. Arthur Eddington, a British mathematician and astronomer said that he hoped a “loophole” could be found to avoid the implication that the universe had a Creator.

But the prophets of the Bible knew that God had “stretched out the heavens” long before the expanding universe theory was proposed by Hubble and other twentieth century scientists. The prophets of the Bible had already revealed this in the Scriptures:

“He alone stretches out the heavens.” (Job 9:8 NIV)

“He stretches out the heavens like a tent.” (Psalm 104:2 NIV)

“He stretches out the heavens like a canopy, and spreads them out like a tent to live in.” (Isaiah 40:22 NIV)

“The Creator of the heavens, who stretches them out.” (Isaiah 42:5 NIV)

“I am the Lord, the Maker of all things, who stretches out the heavens.” (Isaiah 44:24 NIV)

“It is I who made the earth and created mankind on it. My own hands stretched out the heavens; I marshaled their starry hosts.” (Isaiah 45:12 NIV)

“My own hand laid the foundations of the earth, and my right hand spread out the heavens; when I summon them, they all stand up together.” (Isaiah 48:13 NIV)

“You forget the Lord your Maker, who stretches out the heavens and who lays the foundations of the earth, that you live in constant terror every day because of the wrath of the oppressor, who is bent on destruction? For where is the wrath of the oppressor?” (Isaiah 51:13 NIV)

“But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding.” (Jeremiah 10:12 NIV)

“He made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding.” (Jeremiah 51:15 NIV)

“The Lord, who stretches out the heavens, who lays the foundation of the earth, and who forms the human spirit within a person.” (Zechariah 12:1 NIV)

As we can see, the Bible said all along what science has just recently discovered.

One thought on “Science confirms what the Bible told us all along: The universe is expanding

  1. RT1: If the universe is expanding, it had a beginning.

    GW1: Not necessarily. It depends on what is your subject and what you mean by “beginning.” According to science, there was a beginning to the expansion of our universe about 13.7 billion years ago in an event called “the Big Bang,” but of course, this does not mean there was a beginning to the existence of our universe. Most likely, our universe, i.e. its basic components, is eternal.

    RT1: The Bible tells us what happened in the beginning.

    GW1: Genesis gives us a fanciful story, but mentions nothing about the Big Bang. Therefore, it must be an ancient myth.

    RT1: Less than 100 years ago, science discovered that the universe is expanding. However, the men who wrote the Bible spoke of this concept when it was written almost 3,000 years ago.

    GW1: The Bible may have gotten a few details about cosmology correct, but mostly not. It says nothing about the primordial particle, the Big Bang, galaxies, solar systems, nucleosynthesis, or evolution.

    RT1: But many people believe the Bible and science contradict one another. Is this really so?

    GW1: Some details of the Bible are consistent with science, and some are not. There are some contradictions. For example, Genesis 1:1 (NIV) says “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” In the beginning of the expansion of our universe there was no God, and the heavens and the earth were not the first products of the Big Bang. So, this verse is contradicted by science and by reason in general.

    RT1: Let’s examine some basic scientific concepts about the universe and see how they compare to what the Bible says.

    GW1: Yes, let’s do that, as I did above with Genesis 1:1.

    RT1: First Law of Thermodynamics – E = mc2
    The first law of thermodynamics states that energy can be transformed from one form to another, but can be neither created nor destroyed. Matter and energy are interchangeable (E=mc2).

    GW1: That’s not quite accurate, but close enough for our discussion.

    RT1: Now, keeping these things in mind, let’s consider a few verses from the Bible:

    “Lift up your eyes and look to the heavens: Who created all these? He who brings out the starry host one by one and calls forth each of them by name. Because of his great power and mighty strength, not one of them is missing.” (Isaiah 40:26 NIV)

    GW1: It wasn’t a person who created the heavens or the bodies in the heavens. A natural process produced these things. Stars can’t be “missing.” There is no set number for them.

    “Our Lord and God, You are worthy to receive glory and honor and power, because You have created all things, and because of Your will they exist and were created.” (Revelation 4:11 CSB)

    GW1: God does not exist. It is just an ancient myth, still believed by many people today.

    “By faith we understand that the universe was created by God’s command, so that what is seen has been made from things that are not visible.” (Hebrews 11:3 CSB)

    GW1: Faith is invalid. Faith is belief untuned to evidence and/or logic, and usually tuned to authority, majority opinion, peer pressure, tradition, intuition, wishes, or some combination of these. You should place your trust in reason, not in faith.

    RT1: This is exactly what God did when he transferred some of his energy into the matter making up the universe.

    GW1: Are you suggesting that God made the universe out of himself?

    RT1: Second Law of Thermodynamics
    The second law of thermodynamics states that the total entropy for an isolated system can never decrease over time. “Entropy” is a measure of unusable energy within a closed or isolated system (the universe for example). As usable energy decreases and unusable energy increases, “entropy” increases. Entropy is also a gauge of randomness or chaos within a closed system. As usable energy is irretrievably lost, disorganization, randomness and chaos increase. This means that left to itself, the universe will become less organized or disorganized over time.

    GW1: One thing that neither you nor anyone else knows is that our universe is a closed system. That’s still up for investigation.

    RT1: Fact 1: The universe began in a highly ordered state.

    GW1: When the expansion of our universe started, the universe was in a more ordered state (lower entropy) than it is now.

    RT1: Fact 2: The universe remains highly ordered.

    GW1: This is false. The universe now is in a less ordered state (higher entropy) than it was at the Big Bang.

    RT1: Thus, we can infer: God created and maintains the universe.

    GW1: That conclusion does not follow from your two premises, one of which is false. God does not exist. This has been proven beyond a reasonable doubt by many arguments, using both philosophy and science.

    RT1: The universe would have become somewhat less organized over time, had God not created it from the beginning and maintained it through its estimated 12 to 15 billion year existence.

    GW1: Your age range is too wide. It has been approximately 13.7 billion years since the Big Bang. The universe has become “somewhat less organized over time,” and so this goes against your God hypothesis.

    RT1: The following scriptures give Biblical testimony to the fact that God not only created the universe in the beginning, but he also continues to maintain it in a highly ordered state.

    GW1: This is false. The universe is not “in a highly ordered state.” There are pockets of order in the universe, but overall the universe is less ordered (higher entropy) than it was at the Big Bang. In fact, if God did exist, you would expect a higher overall order than now exists.

    “Through him God created everything in the heavenly realms and on earth. He made the things we can see and the things we can’t see-such as thrones, kingdoms, rulers, and authorities in the unseen world. Everything was created through him and for him. He existed before anything else, and he holds all creation together.” (Colossians 1:16-17 NLT)

    GW1: What is the evidence that an invisible throne exists? There isn’t any. That’s just imaginative speculation. The universe is held together by gravity, and not very well. God does not exist. We now know this.

    “The heavens proclaim the glory of God. The skies display his craftsmanship. Day after day they continue to speak; night after night they make him known. They speak without a sound or word; their voice is never heard. Yet their message has gone throughout the earth, and their words to all the world. God has made a home in the heavens for the sun.” (Psalm 19:1-4 NLT)

    GW1: Skies don’t speak. That’s just a metaphor. God does not exist. Ancient peoples, those present when the Bible was written, did not know this, but now in the 21st century we know that God does not exist.

    “For ever since the world was created, people have seen the earth and sky. Through everything God made, they can clearly see his invisible qualities-his eternal power and divine nature. So they have no excuse for not knowing God.” (Romans 1:20 NLT)

    GW1: This is just flat out false! People have not seen the earth and sky from the time the Earth came to be. There were no people on the Earth for about 4.3 billion years! Now the tables have been turned – people today have no good excuse for believing in God.

    “Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, or with the breadth of his hand marked off the heavens? Who has held the dust of the earth in a basket, or weighed the mountains on the scales and the hills in a balance? Who can fathom the Spirit of the Lord, or instruct the Lord as his counselor? Whom did the Lord consult to enlighten him, and who taught him the right way? Who was it that taught him knowledge, or showed him the path of understanding? Surely the nations are like a drop in a bucket; they are regarded as dust on the scales; he weighs the islands as though they were fine dust.. Before him all the nations are as nothing; they are regarded by him as worthless and less than nothing. With whom, then, will you compare God? To what image will you liken him? . He sits enthroned above the circle of the earth, and its people are like grasshoppers. He stretches out the heavens like a canopy, and spreads them out like a tent to live in.. `To whom will you compare me? Or who is my equal?’ says the Holy One.. Do you not know? Have you not heard? The Lord is the everlasting God, the Creator of the ends of the earth. He will not grow tired or weary, and his understanding no one can fathom.” (Isaiah 40:12-15, 17-18, 22, 25, 28 NIV)

    GW1: This just assumes God exists. It presents no good evidence, reasons, or arguments to think he exists. On the other hand, there are now conclusive arguments to show that God does not exist.

    “Do you know how the clouds hang poised, those wonders of him who has perfect knowledge? . The Almighty is beyond our reach and exalted in power; in his justice and great righteousness, he does not oppress.” (Job 37:16, 23 NIV)

    GW1: There is nobody who has perfect knowledge. If any god does exist, he does oppress – through natural disasters, pandemics, cancer, etc. Natural disasters are clear evidence that God (the god of the Bible) does not exist!

    “Have you grasped the celestial laws? Could you make their writ run on the earth?” (Job 38:33 NJB)

    GW1: Yes, some cosmologists have grasped some of the celestial laws.

    RT1: The Universe had a Beginning

    “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” (Genesis 1:1 CSB)

    GW1: Already covered this.

    RT1: The Universe is Expanding
    Early in the twentieth century, astronomer Edwin Hubble found that galaxies are moving away from each other. This discovery led him to believe that the universe is expanding. Hubble’s discovery was upsetting to many scientists of his time, because if the universe is expanding, then – at some time in the distant past – the universe had a beginning.

    GW1: Only that the expansion had a beginning. I covered this earlier.

    RT1: And if the universe had a beginning, it would confirm what the Bible had said all along.

    GW1: But the universe probably did not have a beginning. We can conclude this from: 1) First Law of Thermodynamics, 2) Occam’s Razor, and 3) Something cannot come from nothing. As we have seen, Genesis 1:1 contradicts what we know to be true about our universe. See above for more.

    RT1: Albert Einstein said the whole idea “irritated” him, although later in life he accepted the idea that the universe had a beginning.

    GW1: Not necessarily, as discussed previously.

    RT1: Arthur Eddington, a British mathematician and astronomer said that he hoped a “loophole” could be found to avoid the implication that the universe had a Creator.

    GW1: Many loopholes have be found since Eddington lived.

    RT1: But the prophets of the Bible knew that God had “stretched out the heavens” long before the expanding universe theory was proposed by Hubble and other twentieth century scientists. The prophets of the Bible had already revealed this in the Scriptures:

    GW1: The so-called “prophets of the Bible” were generally ignorant of cosmology, physics, chemistry, and biology.

    “He alone stretches out the heavens.” (Job 9:8 NIV)

    GW1: There is no “he” who does any stretching of the heavens. We stretch our bodies when we exercise.

    “He stretches out the heavens like a tent.” (Psalm 104:2 NIV)

    GW1: The heavens are nothing like a tent, although that is the way it seemed to ancient people. They thought that holes punched in the tent let starlight in.

    “He stretches out the heavens like a canopy, and spreads them out like a tent to live in.” (Isaiah 40:22 NIV)

    GW1: Same as above.

    “The Creator of the heavens, who stretches them out.” (Isaiah 42:5 NIV)

    GW1: Nobody stretches out heavens.

    “I am the Lord, the Maker of all things, who stretches out the heavens.” (Isaiah 44:24 NIV)

    GW1: False assumption. No good evidence for this.

    “It is I who made the earth and created mankind on it. My own hands stretched out the heavens; I marshaled their starry hosts.” (Isaiah 45:12 NIV)

    GW1: No good evidence for this. Good evidence against it.

    “My own hand laid the foundations of the earth, and my right hand spread out the heavens; when I summon them, they all stand up together.” (Isaiah 48:13 NIV)

    GW1: God has a right hand? Does he have a body? Does he have a penis? It appears that God was made in the image of Man.

    “You forget the Lord your Maker, who stretches out the heavens and who lays the foundations of the earth, that you live in constant terror every day because of the wrath of the oppressor, who is bent on destruction? For where is the wrath of the oppressor?” (Isaiah 51:13 NIV)

    GW1: If a god exists, then he is the oppressor. Just look at all the natural disasters.

    “But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding.” (Jeremiah 10:12 NIV)

    GW1: What wisdom would produce natural disasters?

    “He made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding.” (Jeremiah 51:15 NIV)

    GW1: What understanding would produce cancer?

    “The Lord, who stretches out the heavens, who lays the foundation of the earth, and who forms the human spirit within a person.” (Zechariah 12:1 NIV)

    GW1: There is a brain within a person, but not a spirit. Spirits and souls don’t exist.

    RT1: As we can see, the Bible said all along what science has just recently discovered.

    GW1: As we can see, many of the claims of the Bible contradict the findings of science. We shouldn’t expect too much from the Bible. After all, it was written by ancient peoples two or three thousand years ago. They did not have the tools of thought, investigation, and exploration we have today. They cobbled together stories of origins the best they could, but we now see that they were mistaken about so many things.

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