Jehovah’s Witnesses recently published an article entitled “An Attack Coming From the North” (The Watchtower–Study Edition, April 2020), in which they admit that their prior explanation of the prophecy of Joel 2:7-9 was out of context, and therefore inaccurate. Their new explanation of this prophecy is very similar to what they call “Christendom” has explained for a long time, that is, the Babylonians would invade Judah and Jerusalem from the north and take over. Unfortunately for the JW’s, however, they still hold to their 607 BCE date for the destruction of Jerusalem, since it fits in with their ill-fated 1914 date.
The very first verse of the Book of Revelation gives us a clue as to the answer:
“The revelation from Jesus Christ, WHICH GOD GAVE HIM to show his servants what must soon take place” (Revelation 1:1 NIV).
If Jesus was Almighty God, as Trinitarians claim, he would not have to be given the Revelation by God, he would already know it.
“And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the first born from the dead . . . and has freed us from our sins by his blood” (Revelation 1:5 NIV).
“But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’ side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water” (John 19:33,34 NIV).
Some skeptics claim that Jesus somehow survived his crucifixion, and was unknowingly placed alive in the tomb, where he revived, and early on Sunday morning escaped from the tomb alive. This is quite a far-fetched story, but nevertheless, many people believe it. However, when we carefully consider all the known and pertinent facts, such a theory flies in the face of all the evidence.
“But you, O Bethlehem of Ephrathah, who are one of the little clans of Judah, from you shall come forth for me one who is to rule in Israel, whose origin is from of old, from ancient days” (Micah 5:2 NRSV).
Matthew 2:1-6 confirms that Micah 5:2 accurately predicts the birthplace of the Messiah, Jesus of Nazareth. But Micah 5:2 also does something else very significant. It says that Jesus had an “origin”, a beginning”, in the distant past. This scriptural fact overturns the key Trinitarian claim that the Son of God, Jesus Christ, is eternal. Jesus’ having an “origin” is powerful proof that he is not eternal. This Biblical fact that is Jesus is not eternal is further contrasted with this:
“Are you not from eternity, Yahweh my God? My Holy One, You will not die” (Habakkuk 1:12 HCSB).
Not only does this verse explicitly say that “Yahweh”, who is Almighty God, is “eternal”, it goes on further to say that He “will not die”. This stands in stark contrast to Jesus, his Son, who “died for our sins” (1 Corinthians 15:3).
Another major Trinitarian claim is that Jesus Christ became a “God-man” while on earth, an assertion without any Biblical evidence. It’s just made up. On earth, Jesus “became flesh” (John 1:14), “fully human in every way” (Hebrews 2:17 NIV), but not a “God-man”. Such a designation is impossible on the face of it because of what the scriptures say, for example:
“I am God and not a man” (Hosea 11:9 NIV).
How can we be absolutely sure that God cannot be a man?
Jesus said: “God is a spirit” (John 4:23 GWT).
Thus, we have proven that the Minor Prophets have debunked such major Trinitarian claims as:
- Jesus is eternal, by two separate proofs
- Jesus was a “God-man” on earth
- Therefore, Jesus Christ cannot be Almighty God
“Who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying of the Spirit, to be obedient to Jesus Christ and sprinkled with his blood” (1:2 NIV). The mention of three does not assert their supposed equality, nor the “personhood” of the Spirit, nor their “oneness” of substance. Rather, “God the Father” is shown to be in control with his “foreknowledge”. In fact, only “the Father” is said to have such “foreknowledge”, meaning that he knows things that “Jesus Christ” doesn’t know, which is a very clear indication of their separateness and distinction. The Holy Spirit is always described by “the”, indicating that it is not a person, and therefore cannot know anything. Being “sprinkled with” “Jesus” Christ’s “blood” indicates that he died, which also means that he cannot be Almighty God, since God cannot die ((Habakkuk 1:12).
“Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ . . . he has given us new birth . . . through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead” (1:3 NIV). “The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ” indicates that “God the Father” is the God of, or over, Jesus Christ, thus denoting his superiority. “The resurrection of Jesus Christ” implies his Father’s superiority because he brought his Son back from death. “Of the dead” implies that Jesus was dead, which means he cannot be God, since God cannot die (Habakkuk 1:12).
“You call on a Father who judges each person’s work impartially” (1:17 NIV). The facts that Christians should pray to the Father (Matthew 6:9), and not the Son, and that the Father is the ultimate judge, not the Son (Hebrews 12:23), are made plain here.
“You were redeemed . . . with the precious blood of Christ” (1:18,19 NIV). Christ’s sacrificial death again is emphasized, reinforcing the fact that he can’t be God, since God cannot die (Habakkuk 1:12). The Bible never says that God died for our sins.
“He was chosen before the creation of the world” (1:20 NIV). Did Christ choose himself? No, not at all! “As you come to him, the living Stone—rejected by humans but chosen by God and precious to him” (2:4 NIV). God the Father did the choosing of Jesus, which proves the Father complete control, and Jesus is very precious to his Father. These thoughts from the scriptures are in direct conflict with the Trinity dogma.
“Through him you believe in God, who raised him from the dead and glorified him, and so your faith and hope are in God” (1:21 NIV). We go through Christ (John 14:6) to believe in God. God brought Jesus back to life and exalted him, and out ultimate faith and hope are in God the Father. All this clearly proves God Almighty’s superiority over his Son, thus devastating the Trinity dogma!
“Offering spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ” (2:5 NIV). Our sacrifices are to God through Jesus, which harmonizes with the entire Bible. God is shown as supreme once again, and Jesus mediatorial role is emphasized (1 Timothy 2:5).
“He entrusted himself to the one who judges justly” (2:23 NIV). This definitely shows Jesus’ submission to his Father (Luke 23:46).
“Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive in the Spirit” (3:18 NIV). Christ suffered on earth, but God didn’t because he’s a spirit (John 4:24 GWT), and has never been a man (Numbers 23:19; Hosea 11:9). “Christ died” (1 Corinthians 15:3), which is something that God cannot do (Habakkuk 1:12). ‘God resurrected Jesus’ (Acts 2:32 HCSB), since Jesus could not bring himself back to life.
“After being made alive” (3:19 NIV). This again emphasizes that Christ was “made alive” by being resurrected by Almighty God the Father (Acts 2:32).
“It saves you by the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who has gone into heaven and is at God’s right hand” (1 Peter 3:21,22 NIV). God resurrected the dead Jesus, so God the Father is obviously superior, which is also emphasized by the fact that Jesus “is at God’s right hand”. This is also highlights their separateness.
“So that in all things God may be praised through Jesus Christ” (4:11 NIV). Jesus role as mediator is again emphasized here. Christians must go through Jesus to get to God (John 14:6). There is no other way to get to God, but clearly the Almighty is the one who is supreme over all, including Christ.
“Those who suffer according to God’s will should commit themselves to their faithful Creator and continue to do good” (4:19 NIV). Only God the Father is called by the title “Creator” in the Bible. Jesus never is.
“God called you to share in his eternal glory by means of Christ Jesus” (5:10 NLT). This shows that Almighty God is in control, and uses Christ to bring people to him.
We have seen that in each of 1 Peter’s five chapters, God Almighty the Father is shown to be in control, and Jesus is shown to be submissive to him, and under the Father’s control. Jesus has not been eternal, because he died for our sins. The Holy Spirit is clearly shown not to be a person. These facts devastate the Trinity doctrine!
“Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the command of God our Savior and of Christ Jesus our hope” (1:1 NIV). God and Christ are clearly portrayed as two separate and distinct individuals. As if this is not enough, it is further emphasized in verse 2:
“Grace, mercy and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord” (1:2 NIV). “Grace, mercy and peace” are said to come from God and Christ, with no mention of the Holy Spirit. This would be surprising if the Trinity were true, but since the Holy Spirit is not a person, this statement makes perfect sense.
“Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory for ever and ever” (1:17 NIV). This sets Almighty God totally apart as being “eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God”, since Christ was created, died, and was visible while on earth.
“There is one God and one mediator between God and Christ, the man Christ Jesus” (2:5 NIV). By definition, the mediator cannot be either of the two parties that he mediates “between”. Therefore, it is obvious that Christ cannot be either”God” or “mankind”. No, Christ is “the man”, the “one mediator”. This one scripture is enough to obliterate Trinitarian notions.
“Who gave himself as a ransom for all people” (2:6 NIV). “Sacrificed himself” (REB). Jesus died as a ransom sacrifice. Almighty God “Yahweh . . . never dies” (Habakkuk 1:12 NJB), therefore Jesus cannot be Almighty God. This one fact also obliterates the Trinity.
“He appeared in the flesh” (3:16 NIV). KJV and NKJV have “God was manifest in the flesh”, however, footnoted editions admit that the Greek did not originally read this way. John 1:14 says “The Word [Christ] became flesh” (NASB). Numbers 23:19 says that “God is not human” (NIV), and John 1:18 says that “No one has seen God at any time” (NASB). Since God has never been on earth, nor “in the flesh”, nor “human”, but it says Christ did experience all that, obviously Christ cannot be Almighty God.
“In the presence of God and of Christ Jesus and of the elect angels, I warn you” (1 Timothy 5:21 NRSV). God and Jesus are just as separate and distinct as they are from the angels.
“Until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ, which God will bring about in his own time—-God, the blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings and Lord of lords, who alone is immortal and who lives in unapproachable light, whom no one has seen or can see” (1 Timothy 6:14-16 NIV). Here we plainly see that Almighty God is set apart from Jesus Christ, and God is the only one who has eternally been immortal (compare Revelation 1:18), and whom no one has ever seen (John 1:18).
Of the eight times that God and Jesus are mentioned in 1 Timothy, their being distinct and separate is made very clear. Also, the Holy Spirit is never mentioned, which would be confusing if the Holy Spirit was in reality the third “person” of the so-called Trinity. Rather, these eight simple Biblical statements devastate the Trinity dogma.
Paul was foretold to be God’s “chosen instrument to proclaim my name to the Gentiles and their kings and to the people of Israel” (Acts 9:15 NIV). So the Letter to the Hebrews falls well within this purview. Also, the complex theology and in-depth knowledge of the various details of the Old Covenant sacrificial arrangement fit Paul very well. His close friendship with Timothy, who prison release is mentioned, and the fact that the letter was written in Italy, also fit well with what we know about Paul and Timothy (13:23,24).
Why isn’t the author named in the book? None of the other theories raised for other writers, such as Apollos, or Barnabas, or Luke, or Acquilla or Priscilla, etc. have been able to explain the reason for the lack of the writer’s identification at the outset of the letter. But Paul’s is obvious!—He was hated and despised with fanatical zeal in the Jerusalem and Judea area because of his miraculous gifts of the spirit, but most importantly his gift of being able to prove that Jesus was the Messiah (Acts 9:20-30; 21:27-36; 23:12-21; 24:5-8). If Hebrews had had Paul’s name attached to it, it may not have even made it into Jerusalem. So, for good reason, it was anonymous.
However, the 2nd strongest proof of Paul’s authorship is the fact that the Chester Beatty Papyrus P46, which was written about 200 CE, includes Hebrews in its collection of Paul’s letters. In fact, Hebrews being placed after Romans as the 2nd letter, of the 9 letters that remain in the scroll, is extremely strong proof of Paul’s authorship.
But the number one proof of Paul’s authorship is something that is in conclusion of all 14 of his letters. Every writer has certain habits, and even though the style of Hebrews is somewhat different than the other 13 letters, due to the different subject matter and the situational background of the letter, this one habit of Paul marks the 14 letters as his. Let’s look at the nearly identical line that is in the conclusion of each of his 14 letters:
“The grace of of our Lord Jesus be with you”—-Romans 16:20 NIV
“The grace of the Lord Jesus be with you”—-1 Corinthians 16:24 NIV
“May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all”—-2 Corinthians 13:14 NIV
“The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit, brothers. Amen”—-Galatians 6:18 ESV
“Grace be with all who love our Lord Jesus Christ with love incorruptible”—-Ephesians 4:24 ESV
“The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit”—-Philippians 4:23 ESV
“I, Paul, write this greeting with my own hand. Remember my chains. Grace be with you”—-Colossians 4:18 ESV
“The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you”—-1 Thessalonians 5:28 ESV
“The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all”—-2 Thessalonians 3:18 ESV
“Grace be with you”—-1 Timothy 6:21 ESV
“The Lord be with your spirit. Grace be with you”—-2 Timothy 4:22 ESV
“Grace be with you all”—-Titus 3:15 ESV
“The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit”—-Philemon 25 ESV
“Grace be with all of you”—-Hebrews 13:25 ESV
Every one of Paul’s 14 canonical letters has the basic phrase in the conclusion: “Grace be with you”. While Peter’s 2 letters mention grace in their conclusions, he does not use “grace” in a phrase that even comes close to the way that Paul uses “grace” in his conclusions. The fact is that none of other 7 Biblical letters’ conclusions use anything like Paul’s phrase “Grace be with you”. Along with all other Biblical evidence this fact makes it 100% certain that the Apostle Paul wrote Hebrews.
“Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, in keeping with the promise of life that is in Christ Jesus” (2 Timothy 1:1 NIV). There is no mention of the Holy Spirit here, and God, not Jesus, obviously calls the shots since Paul is “an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God”. So much for any supposed equality.
“Grace, mercy and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord” (2 Timothy 1:2 NIV). In this verse, we again do not find any reference to any Trinity, but we do have “God the Father and Christ Jesus” named as separate and distinct individuals. This idea itself contradicts the Trinity.
“Guard the good deposit that was entrusted to you—guard it with the help of the Holy Spirit who lives in us” (2 Timothy 1:14 NIV). “The Holy Spirit” is referenced by the definite article “the”, and no name is ever given to “the Holy Spirit”, both of which are evidences that the Holy Spirit is not a person.
“Remember Jesus Christ, raised from the dead” (2 Timothy 2:8 NIV). Since “God . . . will never die” (Habakkuk 1:12 NIV), but Jesus did, Jesus cannot be Almighty God. “God has resurrected this Jesus” (Acts 2:32 HCSB), which is strong evidence that God the Father is superior to Jesus.
“In the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who will judge the living and the dead” (2 Timothy 4:1 NIV). Here we again see a clear distinction between Almighty God and Jesus Christ. This verse also reminds us that “the Father judges no one, but has committed all judgment to the Son” (John 5:22 NIV), which is powerful evidence of the Father’s superiority over the Son. Also notable by absence is any reference to the Holy Spirit. So much for the Trinity, which is never mentioned, either in 2 Timothy, or anywhere else in the Bible.
The Letter of 2 Timothy gives us very good evidence that the Trinity doctrine is not only false, but is one of the “myths” that Christiansquite obviously were foretold to “turn aside to” (2 Timothy 4:4 NIV).
“Sin is not ended by multiplying words” (Proverbs 10:19 NIV)
“At the beginning their words are folly; at the end they are wicked madness—and fools multiply words” (Ecclesiastes 10:13,14 NIV)
Back in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s Jehovah’s Witnesses were predicting that the year 1914 would be the end of the world, in direct contradiction to Jesus warning that no one knows the date of the end of the world (Matthew 24;36). Rather than repent of their false prophesy (Deuteronomy 18:20-22), after their prediction failed, they began to claim that they had actually accurately foretold some things about 1914, since the first World War started that year. Twenty-nine years later, in 1943, they began to assert that: (1) Jesus had invisibly “returned” by assuming full power as the king of God’s kingdom, and (2) that the “last days” of this world also started in 1914, and (3) “the great tribulation” (Matthew 24:21,22) began, and (4) the generation that was alive in 1914 will not completely die off until the end comes (Matthew 24:34). Jehovah’s Witnesses have held to the first two of these four claims, but have changed the 3rd and 4th claims.
Revised on May 29, 2020
James’ short letter to early Christians doesn’t have a plethora of references to God and Jesus, but what it does have is more than enough to demolish Trinitarian notions. First of all, notice who James says that he is a servant of:
“James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ” (James 1:1 NIV). James identifies himself as serving two distinct personages, namely Almighty God and Jesus Christ. These two are not merged together, as Trinitarians assert. Their distinctiveness is maintained. Notable by absence are references to the Trinity and the Holy Spirit. If these are real, why isn’t James serving them?—The Trinity, of course, is fictional, that’s why James isn’t serving the Trinity. He’s not serving the Holy Spirit because it’s not a person, even though it is real. The Holy Spirit is called “it” in John 14:17 REB; Romans 8:26,27 REB. Persons are not called “it”. The Holy Spirit is God’s “power” (Acts 1:8).