We continue our series about what is stated concerning Jesus in the various books of the New Testament. Today, we will examine the book of Hebrews.
All quotes from NIV, unless noted otherwise.
Heb 1:1 – “In the past God spoke…”
Heb 1:2 – “but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir, … and through whom he made the universe.” – God has now spoken to people by using his Son, similar to the fact that he formerly spoke by others such as prophets. – Who is the superior controller? Obviously God! Certainly not Jesus. No equality!
Heb 1:3 – “The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of his being” – Jesus radiates God’s glory and perfectly represents his Father. A mirror image is not the person, obviously. Statements like Heb 1:3 are never made about the Father perfectly resembling the Son, which would be true if the Trinity were true. This metaphor proves there is no equality of God and Jesus.
Heb 1:5 – “To which one of the angels did God ever say ‘You are my Son; today I have become your Father?'” – Clearly a Father-Son relationship – separate and distinct individuals.
Heb 1:6 – “When God brings his firstborn into the world” – God, who is superior, brings Jesus into the world – Separate and distinct; Jesus inferior.
“he says, ‘ Let all God’s angels pay him homage.'” – REB; NJB
“he says, ‘And let all God’s angels bow before him.'” – AAT
Jesus is given great honor, but not worship.
Heb 1:8 – “of the Son he [God] says, ‘God is your throne forever and ever.'” – AAT – Separate and distinct, with God superior. Quoted from Psalm 45:6 – “God has enthroned you for all eternity.” – REB – “Your throne is from God forever and ever.” – NJB
Heb 1:9 – “God, your God, has set you above your companions.” – God the controller made Jesus the focal point, but not equal.
Heb 1:13 – “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.” – God speaks to Jesus, gives him the #2 position in the universe, but no equality.
Heb 2:9 – “We do see Jesus, who was made lower than the angels for a little while, now crowned with glory and honor because he suffered death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone.”
Questions on Heb 2:9
Who made Jesus lower than angels?
Who crowned Jesus?
Who brought Jesus back to life?
Why does Jesus taste death for everyone?
What role did God the Father play?
Heb 2:10 – “God, for whom and through whom everything exists.” – Sounds like God is Almighty, doesn’t it? “Should make the pioneer of their salvation perfect through what he suffered.” – God made Jesus perfect. “Pioneer” – Jesus, not God.
Heb 2:11 – “Jesus is not ashamed to call them brothers and sisters.” – Jesus has brothers and sisters, God does not.
Heb 2:14 (NLT) – “Because God’s children are human beings… the Son also became flesh and blood.” – God in heaven; Jesus on earth.
Heb 2:17 – “He had to be made like them.” – Who made him like them? – Obviously, God! “That he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God.” – Obviously, high priest Jesus serving God, cannot also be God.
Heb 3:1 – “Jesus… our apostle and high priest.” Apostle and high priest do not describe God.
Heb 3:2 – “He was faithful to the one who appointed him.” – The greater (God) appoints the lesser (Jesus). “Just as Moses was faithful in all God’s house.” – Jesus was like Moses, faithful. Both Moses and Jesus were sent by the Father to lead his people.
Heb 3:6 – “Christ is faithful as the Son over God’s house.” – Fathers and Sons are different.
Heb 4:14 – “We have a great high priest” – Jesus, not God – “who has ascended into heaven,” – As the Aaronic high priest on Atonement Day passed from the sight of the people into the Most Holy, Jesus passed from the sight of his disciples, ascending into heaven. (Acts 1:9-11) “Jesus, the Son of God.” – Not God the Son.
Heb 5:5 – “Christ did not take on himself the glory of becoming a high priest,” – no, he was appointed by his Father. “God said to him, ‘You are my Son.'” Could the difference between God and Jesus be any clearer?
Heb 5:6 – “You (Jesus) are a priest forever.” Almighty God appoints Jesus as priest.
Heb 5:7 – “During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with fervent cries and tears.” To whom? Himself? If Jesus was/is God, why would he need to pray to someone else for help?
“…to the one who could save him from death.” – If Jesus was God, then he could save himself. He would not be dependent on anyone else. This verse demonstrates his complete dependence on his Father.
“He was heard because of his reverent submission.” – If Jesus was equal to his Father, there would be no need for “his reverent submission.” Besides that, there is no place where the Bible says God the Father reverently submits to Jesus. The submission is entirely one way: Jesus to God the Father.
Heb 5:8 – “Son though he was, he learned obedience…” – If Jesus was God, he would know all things. There would be nothing else for him to learn. 1 John 3:20 says: “God… knows everything.” Since Jesus doesn’t, the difference is clear.
“…from what he suffered.” – Jesus suffered on earth, God never was on earth, nor suffered.
Heb 5:9 – “Once made perfect…” – this statement could not and has not ever been made about God.
Heb 5:10 – “designated by God to be high priest” – The superior, God, does the designating, and this is after Jesus’ death and resurrection.
Heb 6:19-20 – “The inner sanctuary behind the curtain, where our forerunner, Jesus, has entered on our behalf.” – in this word picture, Jesus, enters Most Holy of the spiritual temple into God’s presence. Clear distinction between them, with God as superior.
Heb 7:1-3 – “Melchizedek… priest of God Most High… resembling the Son of God.” – This “priest of God Most High,” does not resemble God, but “the Son of God.”
Heb 7:17 – “It is declared: ‘You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.'” Who declared this? Yahweh did. Who was he speaking to? Himself? No! To Jesus.
Heb 7:21 – “He became a priest with an oath when God said to him…” – similar to above.
Heb 7:22 – “Because of this oath…” – Whose oath? – God’s oath. “Jesus has become the guarantor of a better covenant.” – Jesus is God’s guarantee of a better covenant.
Heb 7:24-25 – “Jesus… has a permanent priesthood… he is able to save completely those who come to God through him.” – People come to God through Jesus’ permanent priesthood, to be saved. Clear relationship – Jesus and God are separate and not equal.
Heb 7:28 – “the oath” – Whose? – God’s! “appointed the Son, who has been made perfect forever.” – the perfect God appointed Jesus, the lesser one.
Heb 8:1 – “We do have such as high priest, who sat down at the right hand of throne of the Majesty in heaven.” – Jesus, the high priest, sat down at the right hand of God, the majesty. Clear distinction here and no equality.
Heb 8:2 – “who serves in the sanctuary” – Jesus serves both God and humans as high priest. “The true tabernacle set up by the Lord” – God set up the place where Jesus serves.
Heb 8:6 – “The ministry Jesus has received” – Received from whom? – God. – “the covenant of which he is mediator” – Jesus is the mediator, or go-between, between Christians and God. Therefore, the Trinity is logistically impossible and in fact absurd.
Heb 9:11 – “When Christ came as high priest…” – God never comes as high priest. “He went through the greater and more perfect tabernacle.” – Why was he going through? – To get to God!
Heb 9:12 – “he entered the Most Holy Place” – Jesus entered heaven to be with God “by his own blood” – Jesus died and was resurrected – “obtaining eternal redemption.” – Who did he obtain it from? – God. Why did he have to obtain it? – Because he didn’t have it to give on his own.
Heb 9:14 – “Christ… offered himself unblemished to God” – The offerer of a sacrifice is always inferior to and subservient to the God he offers it to.
Heb 9:15 – “Christ is the mediator of a new covenant.” – The go-between humans and God. Obviously, Christ is separate and distinct from both. “He has died as a ransom.”
Heb 9:24 – “Christ… entered heaven itself, now to appear for us in God’s presence.” – Christ goes to heaven to appear before God on behalf of Christians. Both God and Christ have their distinctive roles to play.
Heb 9:28 – “Christ was sacrificed once” – by whom? – Obviously, God!
Heb 10:5 – “When Christ came into the world…” – God did not come into the world – “a body you prepared for me…” – God prepared or arranged things.
Heb 10:7 – “I said, ‘Here I am… I have come to do your will, my God.'” Christ came to do God’s will, not his own.
Heb 10:10 – “We have been made holy through the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.” – Christ, not God, was sacrificed.
Heb 10:12 – “He sat down at the right hand of God.” – Distinct from and submissive to God.
Heb 10:13 – “He waits for his enemies to be made his footstool.” Who will make them his footstool? – His Father.
Heb 10:19 – “Enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus” – Not the blood of God, since God is the one we enter to commune with.
Heb 10:20 – “Through the curtain, that is, his body.” – Jesus’ body, not God’s body. God is behind the curtain.
Heb 10:21 – “We have a great high priest over the house of God” – (HCSB) – Jesus is the high priest over God’s house. Clear distinction between God and Jesus.
Heb 10:22 – “Let us draw near to God” – by using our great high priest, Jesus.
Heb 10:29 – “trampled the Son of God underfoot” – not God the Son.
Heb 11:3 – “the universe was formed at God’s command” – not Jesus’ command.
Heb 12:2 – “Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of faith” – Pioneers blazed the way for others. This is true of Jesus whose faith is in God. God himself needs no faith. “For the joy set before him…” – Who set this joy before him? – Obviously, God did. “Sat down at the right hand of God.” – But obviously, he’s not God.
Heb 12:22 – “You have come to God, the Judge of all.”
Heb 12:24 – “To Jesus the mediator of a new covenant.” – Both God the Judge of all and Jesus the mediator have their roles to play, but they are not the same, nor are they equal.
Heb 12:28 – “Worship God acceptably” – not worship Jesus.
Heb 13:7 – “Who spoke the word of God to you” – not the word of Jesus.
Heb 13:8 – “Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.” That is, the Son of God, mighty, but not Almighty.
Heb 13:12 – “Jesus also suffered outside the city.” – Like the animals sacrificed under the Old Covenant. Could not be said of God.
Heb 13:15 – “Through Jesus, therefore, let us continually offer to God a sacrifice of praise.” – Jesus is the way to God, but obviously is not God.
Heb 13:20 – “May the God of peace, who through the blood of the eternal covenant brought back from the dead our Lord Jesus Christ.” – God resurrected Jesus. These two are not equal. The greater resurrects the lesser.
Heb 13:21 – “May he work in us what is pleasing to him, through Jesus Christ.” – Christians are God’s work, done through Jesus. God and Jesus are separate.